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Kafr el- Dawwar is a large town in Egypt located between Cairo and Alexandria along the main Agricultural Road. It owes its popularity to being a chief industrial center of industry. The city is well-known for the many industries located there, especially textiles and chemical production. It is also famous for the Battle of Kafr- el-Dawwar which took place in 1882 between the Egyptian and British armies. Kafr el-Dawwar is touted to have some of the largest textile companies in Egypt, comparable in size to those in El-Mahalla El-Kubra.The population of Kafr el-Dawwar is about 265,300.
The majority of people here are employed at the textile companies. Misr for Weaving and Spinning is the largest textile company in Kafr el-Dawwar. Other large companies running here include paint, chemical production and silk fiber processing firms. In addition to textile production, Kafr el-Dawwar is a major center of electricity generation and fruit packing industries.
The are surrounding the city is also flourishing agriculturally. Mahmodya stream which flows from the north of Kafr el-Dawwar to Alexandria and is one of the longest branches of the Nile. It provides irrigation to the fields surrounding Kafr el-Dawwar.
The famous battle of Kafr el-Dawwar took place here in 1882 between the Egyptian army, led by Ahmed Orabi, and the British Army, led by Sir Archibald Alison, Bart (1826-1907). It occurred during the Anglo-Egyptian war where the Egyptian army was successful in stopping the British troops from moving towards Cairo for a time of 5 weeks. After this, the British army advanced to the Suez Canal via Tel el-Kabir and finally reached and seized control of Cairo.
The preparation for this battle included building successive embankments and lines of ditches which were all covered with gun positions, walkways, embrasures, and redoubts. Also, the scene of the battle featured Krupp arms and artillery with ammunition of a diversified heavy kind. The defenders holding this were very determined and put up a fierce fight to resist the invaders.
There are many adventurous activities to do near Kafr el-Dawwar including hiking, mountain climbing, surfing, skiing and more. For all those people who wish to indulge in some real adventure, here are some useful details.
The legendary manager of Egypt's national football team, Hassan Shehata, was born in Kafr el-Dawwar. There are plans to build a statue of him in the center of town. Other famous people who were born here include another former football club manager, Tarek El Ashry and beloved actress Afaaf Shoeib.