To make this site work properly, we sometimes place small data files called cookies on your device, in keeping with the standard policy of most large websites.   What are cookies?   A cookie is a small text file that a website saves on your computer or mobile device when you...Cookie Policy


The Temple Of The Ramesseum

The Temple of the Ramesseum was built by Ramses II as a funerary Temple in 1304-1207 B.C and was dedicated to the god Ra. Most of the Temple is in ruins today. The entrance to the temple once had two pylons that have since collapsed.


In the first courtyard, of the temple, only a colonnaded hall has survived. In front of the ruins of the first pylon, there once stood a colossal statue of Ramses that was more than 1000 Tons in weight and 18m high! You can still see the remains of it tRamesseumoday.

Many other Kings have superimposed monuments in the Ramesseum such as Mernptah and Ramses III.

The Greeks identified this as the Temple of Memnonium (they associated the colossal statue in front of the Temple with their legendary hero, Memnon, the son of Aurora who's mother, Eos, was the Goddess of dawn. Also, they sometimes called it "the tomb of Ozymandias", a name that might have to be derived from the ancient Egypt word "User-Maat-Ra".


This huge temple later inspired a poetic verse by Percy Bysshe Shelley in his poem Ozymandias.


"I met a traveler from an antique land

Who said—Two vast and trunkless legs of stone

Stand in the desert. . . . Near them, on the sand,

Half sunk a shattered visage lies, whose frown,

And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,

Tell that its sculptor well those passions read

Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,

The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed;

And on the pedestal, these words appear:

My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings;

Look on my Works, ye Mighty, and despair!

Nothing beside remains. Round the decay

Of that colossal Wreck, boundless and bare

The lone and level sands stretch far away.”

-Percy Bysshe Shelley 1792-1822


Diodorus' Theory


The Roman historian Diodorus was under the impression that the temple was the work of the legendary King Ozymandias, and his tomb was located there. Diodorus even gives detailed descriptions of the tomb of Ozymandias and described the inscription that was at its entrance, which says: "I am Ozymandias, King of Kings. If anyone would know how great I am and where I lie, let him surpass any of my works."




Temple Design


The Temple measures 600 feet by 220 feet. The eastern pylon of the temple was the main entrance and was once decorated with scenes of the battle of Kadesh, but it is in ruins today. On the right wing of the pylon, you will find inscriptions that represent the 118 cities that Ramses III conquered during his military campaigns. You will also see scenes of prisoners taken to the King. On the left wing of the pylon, there are scenes of the famous battle between Ramses II and the Hittites. After that, you will proceed onto the first open courtyard, where you will see many damaged statues. Once there was a colossal statue of Ramses II, and at its feet, it read: "My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look upon my works, ye Mighty, and despair."


In the great hypostyle hall, there are 29 columns that are still standing. The ones in the middle are shorter than those on the sides to allow light into the temple. Here, on the left side, you can see more scenes of the battle of Kadesh. On the right of this hall, and outside the walls of the hypostyle hall, lies a much older Temple, built by Seti I and dedicated to the God Amon Ra. The second courtyard is in a much better condition than the first one, and you can see on both sides, two rows of Osiris columns, representing Ramses II. Further south there is another small hypostyle hall that once had 8 papyrus-bud columns. In here the hall of astronomy is located, where the first 12th-month calendar is illustrated. This hall is decorated with scenes of the offering and scenes of the sacred boat of Amon Ra. On the western wall, you will see Ramses II sitting under the tree of life, where the God Thoth and the Goddess Seshat are recording his name, in the leaves of the tree, for long life.


If you go further on the western side you will find the ruins of two vestibules that lead you to a library, linen room and the badly-ruined sanctuary, which was dedicated to the God Amon Ra.


To the south of the Temple, Ramses II built a great mud break palace where he stayed during his visits to the site. To the south of this section, lies the small Temple of Mern-Ptah, the successor of Ramses II. In 1896, the great Egyptologist, William Flinders Petrie, did extensive excavations at this site. Petrie found here a very important Stella, known as the "Israel Stella", which contained the first reference to the "Tribe of Israel". Because of this Stella, many archaeologists believe that Mern-Ptah is very likely to be the Pharaoh mentioned in the Book Of Exodus.



Other Temples of Egypt

Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple, or The Temple of Luxor, is among the most beautiful...

The Temple of Karnak

While the Temple of Karnak might be the largest temple in the world,...

The Temple Of Hatshepsut At Deir El-Bahri

Thanks to its design and decorations, the Temple of...

The Temple Of Kom Ombo

The Location of the Temple of Kom Ombo The small town of Kom Ombo...

The Temple Of Edfu

The City of Edfu: Edfu is located 60km north of...

The Temple Of Dendera

Visitors to Luxor should try to visit the famous Temple of Hathor...

The Temple Of Medinet Habu

The Temple of Medinet Habu is one of the largest memorial temples in...

The Temple Of Maharraqa

A small temple that dates back the end of the Greco-Roman period. Its...

The Temples Of Abu Simbel

The Temples of Abu Simbel are some of ancient Egypt's most...

The Temple Of Derr

The temple of Derr was built during the time of...

The Temple Of Wadi Es-Sebua

Egypt's temple of Wadi Es-Sebua is...

The Temple Of Dekka

South Egpyt's Temple of Dekka is about 100 km...

The Temple Of Abydos

The Temple Of Abydos or The Temple of Seti I is located in Abydos,...

The Temple Of The Ramesseum

The Temple of the Ramesseum was built by Ramses II as a funerary...

The Temple Of Esna

Esna is about 485 miles (776 kilometers) south of Cairo and lies on...

The Temple Of Kalabsha

The Temple of Kalabsha is named after the village of Kalabsha, which...

The Temple Kiosk Of Qertassi

The Temple of Qertassi is dedicated to Hathor, the goddess of love,...

The Mortuary Temple Of Amenhotep III

The Mortuary Temple of Pharaoh Amenhotep III was built in the West...

The Mortuary Temple Of Khentkaus II

The Mortuary Temple of Khentkaus II is the temple of the Queen of...

The Mortuary Temple Of Montuhotep II

Montuhotep II is regarded as the first Pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom...

The Mortuary Temple Of Neferefre

The Mortuary Temple of Neferefre is also known as the Pyramid of...

The Mortuary Temple Of Neferirkare

The pyramid of Neferirkare is located at the renowned necropolis of...

The Mortuary Temple Of Niuserre

Building pyramids for the Egyptian Pharaohs so that they could be...

The Mortuary Temple Of Sahure

The mortuary temple or the Pyramid of Sahure is situated in Abusir,...

The Mortuary Temple Of Djedefre

The Pyramid of Djedefre is situated at Abu Rawash, a new necropolis...

The Mortuary Temple Of Khafre

The Pyramid of Khafre is also known as the Pyramid of Chephren, as...

The Mortuary Temple Of Khufu

The Pyramid of Khufu is also known as the Great Pyramid of Egypt and...

The Mortuary Temple Of Menkaure

The Pyramid of Menkaure was built in Giza Necropolis next to the huge...

Tourists who visit this page also visit the following pages:

Egypt Travel Information, Egypt Tour Operator, Egypt Trips, Egypt Vacation
trip adviser
Better Business Bureau

Copyright©1999-2022  Ask-Aladdin (DMCA Protected)